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One of America's First Parking Structures

Built in 1924 as an eight-story parking garage, Building at 816 South Grand Avenue was one of America's first parking structures and is one of the few parking garages listed in the National Register of Historic Places, having received the distinction in 2004. The building has been converted to lofts and is now known as "South Park Lofts".

As the automobile took on a more prominent role in Los Angeles, traffic and parking became major problems for downtown businesses. In 1923, the Downtown Business Men's Association and Mayor George Cryer began advocating the construction of parking structures. Businessman Ken Stoakes took up the challenge and built an eight-story, 85,000-square-foot (7,900 m2) parking garage on Grand Avenue. Stoakes hired one of the city's most prominent architects, Claud Beelman. Beelman and Stoakes sought to create a structure that had continuity with the office buildings, hotels and department stores that lined Grand Avenue. Accordingly, Beelman designed a Beaux Arts edifice with windows and decorative details typical of other commercial buildings of the 1920s.

Stoakes' garage opened to much fanfare in 1924. Stoakes promoted the safety and security of his "fireproof garage". In an interview with the Los Angeles Times during the 1925 holiday shopping season, Stoakes said: "Parking along the curb downtown is bad enough at best. With the frantic attempt of thousands of Christmas shoppers to squeeze in the already available jammed parking space, it is almost suicidal to the appearance of any respectable-looking car". Through the 1920s and 1930s, the garage was used by Bullock's department store, with uniformed attendants picking up and dropping off shoppers' cars. Shoppers could park two hours for free at Stoakes' structure with a $1 purchase at Bullocks.

historic image
antique vehicle
building exterior

Conversion to Other Uses

The structure was purchased by Pacific Telephone & Telegraph Co. in 1950. Used initially for employee parking, it was later converted to use for storage and offices. The building subsequently went through several changes of ownership and was used for many years as an office building.

In 2002, the building was converted into upscale lofts. The key to the adaptive use of the building was in its unusually narrow lot and design. Many older parking structures were built with ramps and sloped floors. Stoakes' garage, on the other hand, was situated on a narrow lot that left no room for ramps. Accordingly, Beelman designed the garage around a huge freight elevator that could lift two cars at once. When the building became lofts, the rooftop housing for the elevator motor was converted into a small gymnasium for residents. The building also has an elaborate roof-top garden with a hot tub and grilling area.

rooftop courtyard
fitness center

Historic Designation

In August 2004, the California Historic Resources Commission granted historic landmark status to the building. Eight months later, it was recognized by the United States Department of the Interior as "one of America's first parking structures to be listed on the National Register of Historic Places".



1. ^ National Park Service (2008-04-15). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.

2. ^ Jump up to:a b c "Downtown's Best-Kept Secret". Los Angeles Downtown News. 2008-05-19. Archived from the original on 2012-04-15.

3. ^ Jump up to:a b c d e f g h Bob Pool (2004-08-07). "The State: Lofty Designation for a Downtown Garage; A structure the helped propel L.A.'s car culture gains landmark status. It has been converted to rentals, with a familiar beef: too little parking". Los Angeles Times.

4. ^ "Parking During Shopping Costly". Los Angeles Times. 1925012-06. Check date values in: |date= (help)

5. ^ "Downtown Building Leased for More Than $6.5 Million". Los Angeles Times. 1980-11-02.

6. ^ "McDade Gets L.A. Building". Los Angeles Times. 1980-11-20.

7. ^ "Grand Avenue Building Sold to Partnership". Los Angeles Times. 1985-07-07.

^ "South Park Lofts". Martin Building Company.